Eye screening is crucial for overall eye health. It may detect potential eye conditions you did not even know you had. Majority of eye conditions goes undetected during their initial stages, and treatment could be too late once your vision becomes affected. More importantly, timely detection and prompt treatment can normally prevent permanent loss of sight.
When Should You Have Your Eyes Screened?
In Singapore alone, 75% of teens wear prescription glasses and have myopia, 80% of diabetics can potentially develop diabetic retinopathy, and 90% of patients who have glaucoma don’t know they have it. The Health Promotion Board also mentions Singapore is the number one for the prevalence of childhood myopia. Because of these facts, everyone must take accountability for their eye health.
Start by knowing the early symptoms of eye conditions, being familiar with risk factors, getting eye exams in a reputable eye clinic in Singapore and living a healthy lifestyle. To determine when you should have your eyes screened, follow the guidelines:
- Babies three years old and below: Your baby’s eyes must be checked during paediatric visits. Common eye conditions during childhood include lazy eye or amblyopia, and crossed eyes or strabismus. Eye exams are crucial to rule out rare and more severe diseases, including eye tumour or retinoblastoma and congenital cataract.
- Children aged three years old and adolescents up to 19 years old: Have your child’s eyes screened at least every one to two years. The Eye Clinic suggests a visual acuity test for children from the age of four.
- Young adults aged 20 to 39 years old: Have your eyes checked if they have been injured, or if your family has a history of eye conditions.
- Adults 40 years old up to 65 years old: Eye conditions normally manifest as you grow older. You must undergo a baseline eye exam in your 40s to keep track of any changes in your vision.
Getting an eye screening is especially vital to individuals with increased risk of eye conditions, such as people suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes, those with high myopia, those under medication that could negatively impact the eyes, and those with a history of macular degeneration and glaucoma in their family. Visit your eye doctor more regularly and enquire about the best interval between general eye checkups and comprehensive screenings.