The Five Primary Areas of Specialisation in Physiotherapy

PhysiotherapyPhysiotherapy can help patients recover from injury, reduce pain and stiffness, and increase mobility.

Your physiotherapist can also help you prevent further injury by listening to your needs and working with you to decide the most suitable treatment for your condition.

Physiotherapists are highly trained, experienced and skilled in treating a wide array of disorders and diseases. There are five primary areas they specialise in, such as the following:

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary

Cardiovascular and pulmonary physiotherapists work with patients suffering from heart, circulatory or pulmonary disorders or diseases.

Their goal is to improve their patient’s physical independence and increase endurance. People with pulmonary conditions, like cystic fibrosis, may require manual therapy to remove fluid buildup in their lungs.

Physiotherapists specialising in these areas typically work with individuals on recovery from a heart attack and bypass surgery, as well as those with pulmonary fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).


Specialists in this area work with older adults. They treat patients with Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis, balance issues, cancer, hip replacement, incontinence, joint replacement, and osteoporosis.

Their aim is to improve mobility in their patients, manage pain, and optimise fitness.


Neurological physiotherapists specialise in the treatment of patients suffering from neurological diseases or disorders.

These include Alzheimer’s disease, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury and vision impairment. They also treat patients recovering from stroke.


Orthopaedic physiotherapists treat patients with musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. They also help in the rehabilitation of post-orthopaedic surgery patients.

They specialise in the management of sports injuries, as well as muscle, bone, ligament, and tendon injuries and diseases. They also provide treatment for patients recovering from post-operative joint procedures.

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Paediatric physiotherapists focus on helping children with various disorders and diseases, such as cerebral palsy, torticollis and spina bifida.

Consulting a physiotherapist may help you or a loved one regain optimal mobility and bodily functions. Seek advice from your primary health care provider about physical therapy to know more.